Freedom of the Boroughs
The origin of the Freedom of Cities and Boroughs dates back to the early Roman Empire when to be “born free” as a Citizen of Rome contained many privileges and rights superior to those of any other city, although it did not secure exemption from taxation.
This distinction was continued in the very early history of Britain in the Saxon constitution until about 600AD. Upon the Norman Conquest, William the Conqueror introduced the feudal system, and in 1069 he granted the Burgesses of London a charter guaranteeing them their ancient laws and privileges.
Even in Saxon times “Guilds” of men of the same trade existed for mutual aid and protection, which was continued by the Normans, and the members were Freemen who were admitted only after a long apprenticeship.
In many ancient Cities which had been granted charters by successive sovereigns none but Freemen were allowed to trade wholesale and retail, which was, perhaps, their greatest privilege. Freedom could be secured originally in three ways – by patrimony, Apprenticeship of Redemption – but of more recent years, admission would be claimed by gift or marriage, and Freemen’s Courts were held until towards the end of the last century for admission of Freemen, which conferred a right to a parliamentary vote, and in some towns exemption from tolls and dues according to the ancient customs retained by charter.
Before the Representation of the People Act 1832, in many Parliamentary Boroughs the Electors consisted solely of the Freemen. By virtue of the Municipal Corporation Act 1835, the Freemen ceased as such to form a part of the body corporate. The Act, however, respected existing usages and retained a right to share in the corporate property, commons and public stock. Freedom by gift and purchase are now abolished and birth, serviture or marriage only, entitle one to be entered on the “Freeman’s Roll”.
It was the practice to confer the honorary Freedom of the Borough as a mark of distinction upon a person whom the Council wishes to honour because he is a person of distinction, or one who has rendered eminent services to the Borough. It was first recognised by the Honorary Freedom of Boroughs Act 1855, now replaced by the Local Government Act 1933.
It does not confer any of the benefits previously possessed by Freemen: but the rare distinction of the honour of Freedom in more recent times is a reflection of the value and importance that accrued to it in ancient times socially and financially, and the credit and reputation of it is thus preserved and recognised in honorary promotion for eminent services at the present day.
The practice of conferring the honorary “Freedom of Entry” upon Regiments is a fairly recent one; indeed the earliest grant appears to have been in December 1943, when the Corporation of Sheffield conferred the honour upon the York and Lancaster Regiment. However, its roots lie deep in the history of local and central government; indeed it affords an interesting example of the power and influence of the old boroughs and cities in relation to central government in the past. Of these, the cities of Edinburgh and London are the most notable.
When the Army required more men, the custom was to send a recruiting officer and party to various towns, and draw public attention by the steady beat of a drum. In these cities – and there were others – permission had to be obtained by the Army from the Corporation to enter and “beat the drum”. This permission came to be granted “in solemn form”. It was also necessary to obtain the consent of the Corporation before troops could march through towns. Hence arose the practice of conferring, as a matter of honour upon individual Regiments the right “to march through the town with bayonets fixed, drums beating and colours flying”. From these ancient practices, the modern grant of “Freedom of Entry” can be traced.
NAME DATE GRANTED
Jack T Counter 19th June 1918
Sir Robert Baden Powell 17th April 1929
Lady Baden Powell 17th April 1929
Alderman Miss E G Castleman-Smith 20th November 1935
W H Wilson Esq 14th June 1949
W J Newman Esq 8th December 1953
The Dorset Regiment 18th November 1955
Alderman B C Hunt 1st November 1956
C K Lavington Esq 14th November 1970
The Royal Corps of Signals 13th October 1972
The Devonshire & Dorset Regiment 16th June 1983
Gwendoline Florence Lane 5th March 1988
Agnes Audrey Williams 5th March 1988
Dr David Harries Davies 13th April 1991
Reverend Raymond Oliver Balmer 11th September 1995
Cyril E Hill 12th May 2000
The Queen’s Gurkha Signals 11th September 2005
Peter J Warrington 15th November 2005
Daphne Alner 15th November 2005
Heather Bracewell 11th May 2007
The Rifles Regiment 15th October 2007
Carole A Sharp 27th May 2011
Jackie Vacher 10th May 2013
Cllr Esme Butler 25th May 2018 (posthumously)
FREEMAN OF BLANDFORD FORUM 1901 – 1903
To honour Blandford Soldiers who fought in the Boer War.
Lt R.G. Cave 26 February 1901
Lt V.L. Gordon 26 February 1901
Sgt W.F. Harris 26 February 1901
Trooper Sharp 26 February 1901
Trooper Barnes 26 February 1901
Trooper F. Walters (1) 26 February 1901
Trooper Walters (2) 26 February 1901
Trooper Butler (1) 26 February 1901
Trooper Butler (2) 26 February 1901
Trooper Lithgow 26 February 1901
Trooper Inram 26 February 1901
Trooper Crofton 26 February 1901
Trooper Wheeler 26 February 1901
Private C. Phelps 26 February 1901
Private March 26 February 1901
Private Meadon 26 February 1901
Private Robbins 26 February 1901
Private E. Goddard 26 February 1901
Mr Forrester 18 June 1901
Rt Hon. Sir Redvers H. Buller 01 December 1902
Trooper P.E. Payne 19 May 1903
Trooper G.L. George 19 May 1903
Sgt W. Moss 19 May 1903
Trooper A. E. Neale 19 May 1903
Corp A. H Taylor 19 May 1903
Driver F. Brockway 19 May 1903
TOWN CRIER & DEPUTY TOWN CRIER, MACE BEARER & DEPUTY MACE BEARER
Blandford Forum Town Council takes pride in the continuation of traditional civic practices and procedures and has benefitted from having a Mace Bearer and Town Crier since the town of Blandford Forum was known as the Borough of Blandford. Both appointment holders have an excellent knowledge of the town’s history, civic pride and a commitment to the town. The Town Council appointed a Deputy Mace Bearer and Deputy Town Crier to assist the Existing Mace Bearer and Town Crier in 2015.
MACE BEARER & DEPUTY MACE BEARER
Duties include representing the town by attendance at civic events, within and outside of the town, and providing support to the Mayor.
A knowledge of the town’s history, civic procedures and the civic silver collection is required. An annual honorarium of £300 is paid however no expenses will be covered except for the cost of membership to the Guild of Mace Bearers.
TOWN CRIER & DEPUTY TOWN CRIER
Duties include representing the town by attendance at civic events within and outside of the town. which includes organising the Town Crier’s regional competition as part of the Georgian Fayre. There are opportunities to represent the town by travelling to other Town Crier events across the South. An annual honorarium of £200 is paid however no expenses will be covered except for the cost of membership to the Guild of Town Criers.